Elements and Principles of Design

The Elements of Design are the ingredients that the designer combines and organizes to form a unified creation.  The Principles of Design are the standards used to evaluate the effectiveness of the creation in terms of the elements and components utilized. NGC Flower Shows use these standards in their floral design judging.  Handbook, rev.  2017 is the authority that sets the standards for the Design Types learned at the Guild.

Elements of Design

  1. Light
  2. Space
  3. Line
  4. Form
  5. Color
  6. Texture
  7. Pattern
  8. Size

Principles of Design

  1. Balance
  2. Proportion
  3. Scale
  4. Rhythm
  5. Dominance
  6. Contrast